Right Medication, Right Dose, Right Patient, Right Time, and Right Route: How Do We Select the Right Patient-Controlled Analgesia (PCA) Device?

Pain Manag Nurs. 2007 Dec;8(4):140-5. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2007.08.001.


Patient safety related to medication infusion devices has received considerable attention recently. Critical adverse patient outcomes have resulted from misprogrammed delivery devices, inherent flaws in device design, and human error. A key strategy to improving patient safety is the development of an interdisciplinary team in product selection and the inclusion of registered nurses in the process. Such a process would include salient elements of each professional viewpoint and consider product impact on practice. No formal product selection guidelines exist which consider patient safety. This article outlines the process undertaken at University Health Network in the selection of its most recent patient-controlled analgesia device. Various available products were excluded from the selection process based on the interdisciplinary review.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Analgesia, Patient-Controlled / instrumentation
  • Analgesia, Patient-Controlled / nursing*
  • Analgesia, Patient-Controlled / standards*
  • Humans
  • Medication Errors / nursing
  • Medication Errors / prevention & control*
  • Pain / drug therapy*
  • Pain / nursing*
  • Patient Care Team
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Specialties, Nursing