Utility of health states in chronic kidney disease: a structured review of the literature

Curr Med Res Opin. 2008 Jan;24(1):193-206. doi: 10.1185/030079908x253410.


Purpose: To document published utilities for health states associated with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) and determine the most appropriate values for use in economic models to evaluate renal treatments in the UK.

Methods: A structured literature review was conducted (MEDLINE, EMBASE, NHS EED and HTA) in order to identify relevant articles published between January 1990 and January 2006. In addition searches were conducted on websites of Health Technology Assessment (HTA) organizations and the Cost Effectiveness Analysis Registry. Articles were reviewed and those not containing utilities excluded. Results were assessed on the quality of the elicitation studies and their relevance to the UK HTA environment.

Results: Thirty-five studies satisfied the inclusion criteria. Most studies were conducted in Canada (13), the US (10) and the Netherlands (4). Utilities were identified for all/most of the necessary states, but scores for individual states differed widely between studies and very few studies met the quality criteria. The majority of studies used the time trade-off (23) and standard gamble (11) to elicit utilities, while only six used EQ-5D. Seven studies provided community preferences. Two studies were judged to be directly relevant to economic evaluations in the UK.

Conclusions: Many studies have estimated utilities in ESRD patients, but only a few have estimated utilities based upon public preferences. Further empirical research is needed to produce more reliable utilities for economic modelling in the UK, especially in chronic kidney disease patients who do not require dialysis.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Health Care Costs
  • Health Status Indicators*
  • Humans
  • Models, Economic
  • Quality of Life
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / economics*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / pathology
  • Research Design
  • United Kingdom