Circumcision status and HIV infection among Black and Latino men who have sex with men in 3 US cities

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2007 Dec 15;46(5):643-50. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e31815b834d.


Objective: To examine characteristics of circumcised and uncircumcised Latino and black men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States and assess the association between circumcision and HIV infection.

Methods: Using respondent-driven sampling, 1154 black MSM and 1091 Latino MSM were recruited from New York City, Philadelphia, and Los Angeles. A 45-minute computer-assisted interview and a rapid oral fluid HIV antibody test (OraSure Technologies, Bethlehem, PA) were administered to participants.

Results: Circumcision prevalence was higher among black MSM than among Latino MSM (74% vs. 33%; P < 0.0001). Circumcised MSM in both racial/ethnic groups were more likely than uncircumcised MSM to be born in the United States or to have a US-born parent. Circumcision status was not associated with prevalent HIV infection among Latino MSM, black MSM, black bisexual men, or black or Latino men who reported being HIV-negative based on their last HIV test. Further, circumcision was not associated with a reduced likelihood of HIV infection among men who had engaged in unprotected insertive and not unprotected receptive anal sex.

Conclusions: In these cross-sectional data, there was no evidence that being circumcised was protective against HIV infection among black MSM or Latino MSM.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bisexuality*
  • Black People
  • Circumcision, Male / statistics & numerical data*
  • HIV Antibodies / analysis
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology*
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Homosexuality, Male*
  • Humans
  • Los Angeles / epidemiology
  • Male
  • New York City / epidemiology
  • Philadelphia / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Saliva / chemistry


  • HIV Antibodies