Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in a human immunodeficiency virus-positive homosexual high school student

Pediatr Int. 2007 Dec;49(6):997-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-200X.2007.02466.x.


The spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has exploded over the past two decades and such infections in young people are no longer uncommon. However, the major infection route of pediatric patients remains vertical transmission, and sexual, especially homosexual transmission, is highly unusual. We herein describe the case of a 17-year-old boy who developed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). Although HLH was remitted soon with dexamethasone therapy, an HIV infection caused by homosexual transmission was detected.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • HIV Infections / complications
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis
  • HIV Seropositivity / complications*
  • Hematologic Tests
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic / etiology*
  • Male