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Review
. 2007 Dec 21;9(47):6171-86.
doi: 10.1039/b705542k. Epub 2007 Jul 24.

Voids, Generic Van Der Waals Equation of State, and Transport Coefficients of Liquids

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Review

Voids, Generic Van Der Waals Equation of State, and Transport Coefficients of Liquids

Byung Chan Eu. Phys Chem Chem Phys. .

Abstract

In this Perspective, we discuss the role of voids in transport processes in liquids and the manner in which the concept of voids enters the generic van der Waals equation of state and the modified free volume theory. The density fluctuation theory is then discussed and we show how the density fluctuation theory can be made a molecular theory with the help of the modified free volume theory and the generic van der Waals equation of state. The confluence of the aforementioned three theories makes it possible to calculate the transport coefficients of liquids by using the information on the equilibrium pair correlation function, which can be calculated either by an integral equation theory or Monte Carlo simulations. A number of relations between transport coefficients are also presented, which are derived on the basis of the density fluctuation theory. Since they can be used to obtain one transport coefficient from another they can be very useful in handling experimental and theoretical data. An application of the modified free volume theory to polymer melts is discussed as an example for a theory of transport properties of complex liquids.

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