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, 18 (3), 208-19

Steady State Dendritic Cells With Forced IDO Expression Induce Skin Allograft Tolerance by Upregulation of Regulatory T Cells

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Steady State Dendritic Cells With Forced IDO Expression Induce Skin Allograft Tolerance by Upregulation of Regulatory T Cells

Guang Yu et al. Transpl Immunol.

Abstract

Despite recent extensive studies, the molecular mechanism through which DCs induce allograft tolerance largely remains poorly understood. In the current study, we presented strong evidence supporting a role for IDO in DC-mediated allograft tolerance. Pre-treatment of recipient mice with IDO-transduced donor-specific BMDCs induced skin allograft tolerance in an antigen-dependent manner. Our data suggest that IDO-expressing DCs may regulate a delicate balance of cytokines that favors the differentiation of naïve CD4+ T cells into Tregs instead of CD4+ effector T cells. In addition, BMDCs with forced IDO expression also have higher capability to expand natural Tregs. In consistent with the observation of augmented Tregs detected in the recipient mice, the capacity for splenic T cell alloresponse was significantly reduced in recipient mice pre-treated with IDO-transduced BMDCs. Furthermore, the expression of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-2, IFNgamma, IL-6, IL-17A and IL-23p19, in splenic T cells of these recipient mice, was significantly lower as compared to that of recipient mice pre-treated with either GFP-transduced BMDCs or untransduced BMDCs.

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