Restriction of dietary salt is widely recommended in the management of hypertension, but assessment of individual salt intake has drawn little attention. The understanding of salt intake is important as a guide for optimizing salt-restriction strategies. However, precise evaluation of salt intake is difficult. More reliable methods are more difficult to perform, whereas easier methods are less reliable. Thus, the method to assess salt intake should be determined as the situation demands. The Working Group for Dietary Salt Reduction of the Japanese Society of Hypertension recommends the assessment of individual salt intake using one of the following methods in the management of hypertension. 1) The measurement of the sodium (Na) excretion from 24-h urine sampling or nutritionist's analysis of the dietary contents, which are reliable but difficult to perform, are suitable for facilities specializing in the treatment of hypertension. 2) Estimation of the Na excretion from the Na/creatinine (Cr) ratio in spot urine is less reliable but practical and is suitable for general medical facilities. 3) Estimation using an electronic salt sensor equipped with a calculation formula is also less reliable but is simple enough that patients can use it themselves. The patients are considered to be compliant with the salt-restriction regimen if salt intake measured by whichever method is less than 6 g (100 mmol)/day.