The burden and outcome of respiratory tract infection in Australian and aboriginal children

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Oct;26(10 Suppl):S4-7. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318154b238.


The burden of otitis media in developing and disadvantaged populations is substantial. This article looks at that burden in developed affluent and indigenous populations (in Australia). A model is presented to explain the high prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media in indigenous populations, and an assessment of efforts to improve these outcomes if not prevent these infections is provided. Lastly, various international guidelines for managing acute otitis media are compared.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Haemophilus Vaccines / immunology
  • Humans
  • Oceanic Ancestry Group*
  • Otitis Media / drug therapy
  • Otitis Media / epidemiology*
  • Otitis Media / microbiology
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / immunology
  • Prevalence
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / drug therapy
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology*
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / prevention & control
  • Risk Factors
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Haemophilus Vaccines
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines