Arachidonic acid, prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene C4 levels in gingiva and submandibular salivary glands of rats fed diets containing n-3 fatty acids

Lipids. 1991 Nov;26(11):895-900. doi: 10.1007/BF02535974.


The effect of dietary n-3 fatty acids on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and leukotriene C4 (LTC4) levels in rat salivary glands and gingiva was examined in two separate nutritional studies. In the first set of experiments, two groups of male weanling Sprague-Dawley rats were fed semipurified diets containing 10% corn oil (control group) or 10% menhaden oil (experimental group). Rats were killed after 8 wk on the diets; the fatty acid composition of total phospholipids and the concentrations of PGE2 and its precursor, arachidonic acid, were measured in gingiva and submandibular salivary glands (SMSG). Dietary n-3 fatty acids were incorporated into the tissue phospholipids. Arachidonic acid levels were reduced by 56% in gingiva and SMSG of rats fed menhaden oil compared with the control rats fed the diet containing corn oil. The concentrations of PGE2 in SMSG and gingiva of rats fed the diet containing menhaden oil were reduced by 74% and 83%, respectively. In a subsequent nutritional study, we tested whether the diet-induced reduction in tissue arachidonic acid levels would also result in a corresponding decrease in LTC4 production. Three groups of rats were fed diets containing 5% corn oil (group 1), 4% ethyl ester concentrate of n-3 fatty acids plus 1% corn oil (group 2), or 5% ethyl ester concentrate of n-3 fatty acids (group 3). After 6 wk of feeding, gingiva and SMSG were analyzed for arachidonic acid content and in vitro production of LTC4.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arachidonic Acid / analysis
  • Arachidonic Acids / analysis*
  • Corn Oil / pharmacology
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated / pharmacology*
  • Dinoprostone / analysis
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / pharmacology*
  • Fish Oils / pharmacology
  • Gingiva / chemistry*
  • Gingiva / drug effects
  • Male
  • Phospholipids / chemistry
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • SRS-A / analysis
  • Submandibular Gland / chemistry*
  • Submandibular Gland / drug effects


  • Arachidonic Acids
  • Dietary Fats, Unsaturated
  • Fatty Acids
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Fish Oils
  • Phospholipids
  • SRS-A
  • Menhaden oil
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Corn Oil
  • Dinoprostone