Outcomes and adherence in Syria's first smoking cessation trial

Am J Health Behav. 2008 Mar-Apr;32(2):146-56. doi: 10.5555/ajhb.2008.32.2.146.


Objective: To determine the feasibility of implementing cessation interventions in Syria.

Methods: We randomized 50 smokers to either a brief or intensive behavioral cessation intervention. Adherence to treatment and cessation through 3 months postcessation were calculated.

Results: Adherence in the intensive group was only moderate and was associated with smoking for more years and higher self-efficacy. Cessation rates in the brief and intensive intervention groups were 16% and 4%, respectively. Nicotine dependence predicted abstinence at 3 months.

Conclusion: Important barriers to cessation included perceived dependence, lack of access to pharmacotherapy, poor social support, and water pipe smoking.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Developing Countries*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Education*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Self Efficacy
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking Cessation* / psychology
  • Syria
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / psychology
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / rehabilitation*