Since damage to DNA and other cellular molecules by reactive oxygen species ranks high as a major culprit in the onset and development of colorectal cancer, the aim of the present study is to clarify the role of antioxidant seleonoproteins including glutathione peroxidase (GPx), thioredoxin reductase (TXR) and selenoprotein P (SePP), and the effect of oxidative stress on the progression of colorectal cancer. Expression of 14 oxidative stress-related molecules in both tumorous and non-tumorous tissues in 41 patients was examined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Expression levels of proteins modified by 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), malonyldialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxy-2-hexenal (4-HHE), and the positive rate of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in tumorous tissues were much higher than those in non-tumorous tissues. Glutathione (GSH) content in tumor tissues was much lower than that in non-tumorous tissues. Expression level of selenoproteins such as GPx-1, GPx-3, and SePP, which are rapidly degraded during selenium deprivation, was significantly decreased in tumorous tissues, whereas that of GPx-2, which is resistant to selenium deprivation, was increased. Expression of SePP was decreased at stage III and IV, compared to that of stage II. These data suggest that contrasting expression pattern of the antioxidant selenoproteins plays an important role in the progression of colorectal cancer.