Prevention of Irritant Contact Dermatitis Among Health Care Workers by Using Evidence-Based Hand Hygiene Practices: A Review

Ind Health. 2007 Oct;45(5):645-52. doi: 10.2486/indhealth.45.645.


Irritant contact dermatitis is often found on the hands of healthcare workers and is generally caused by frequent hand washing, gloves, aggressive disinfectants or detergents. Alcohols have only a marginal irritation potential, although they may cause a burning sensation on pre-irritated skin. A burning sensation when using alcohols therefore, suggests that the skin barrier is already damaged. Two options for hand hygiene are generally available in clinical practice: (1) hand washing with some type of soap and water or (2) hand disinfection with alcohol-based hand rubs. Most clinical situations require the use of an alcohol-based hand rub for decontamination, which is especially useful for reducing the nosocomial transmission of various infectious agents. Washing one's hands should be the exception, to be performed only when they are visibly soiled or contaminated with proteinaceous material, or visibly soiled with blood or other body fluids. The overall compliance rate in hand hygiene is around 50%, which is far too low. In addition, healthcare workers quite often wash their hands with soap and water, when they should use an alcohol-based hand rub. This not only adds to the degree of skin irritation, but is also potentially dangerous for patients, due to the low efficacy of hand washing when compared to hand disinfection with alcohol rubs. Adhering to evidence-based hand hygiene protocols and following international guidelines on hand hygiene practices therefore, can help prevent irritant contact dermatitis among healthcare workers.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohols / therapeutic use*
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / therapeutic use
  • Dermatitis, Irritant / prevention & control*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine*
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Hand Disinfection / methods*
  • Hand Disinfection / standards
  • Hand*
  • Health Personnel*
  • Humans
  • Hygiene
  • Infection Control
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects
  • Occupational Health*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Skin Care / methods*


  • Alcohols
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local