Receding horizon controller for the baroreceptor loop in a model for the cardiovascular system

Cardiovasc Eng. 2008 Mar;8(1):14-22. doi: 10.1007/s10558-007-9043-7.


In this article, we discuss the design and implementation of a receding horizon control (RHC) which will be used to represent the control for the baroreceptor loop in the human cardiovascular system (CVS). This control will be applied to a model of the CVS developed in a previous work by Kappel and Peer. In that earlier work, a linear quadratic control strategy (LQR) was implemented to represent this baroreflex control which was designed to stabilize the system under an ergometric workload. The RHC approach will be examined as an alternate to the LQR implementation. The control parameters in the cost functional of the RHC will be estimated using the same experimental data as was used in the LQR study. The results of the RHQ implementation will be compared with the LQR implementation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arteries / physiology*
  • Baroreflex / physiology*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Feedback / physiology
  • Heart / innervation*
  • Heart / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Pressoreceptors / physiology*
  • Sympathetic Nervous System / physiology*