Objective: To learn about household maternal and newborn health knowledge and practices to aid the design of newborn programming within Save the Children's Haripur Program.
Study design: In April, we conducted 43 semi-structured interviews (SSIs) and 34 focus group discussions among men, women of reproductive age and health service providers; in September, we added 21 SSIs among new mothers, new fathers and dais. Two investigators analyzed the findings according to themes within six care types: antenatal, delivery, immediate newborn, routine postpartum, special maternal and special newborn.
Result: Findings indicated poor maternal diet and antenatal care-seeking. Home delivery with an untrained dai was the norm. Respondents knew about benefits of clean delivery, but rarely put knowledge into practice. Knowledge and practices for maintaining the newborn's warmth were good. Delayed initiation of breastfeeding, avoidance of colostrum and prelacteal feeding were almost universal. Unhygienic cord care, including an unclean cut and application of ghee on the cord-stump, was the norm. After delivery, mothers often maintained low fluid intake but otherwise reported healthy nutritional practices. Knowledge of some danger signs in newborns was common, but timely action upon recognition was not.
Conclusion: Although the findings illustrate some beneficial practices, many reported practices are harmful to the newborn. These findings, consistent with the sparse existing data in Pakistan, inform program interventions for household-level behavioral change.