Prohibition of artificial hypoxic environments in sports: health risks rather than ethics

Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2007 Dec;32(6):1206-7; discussion 1208-9. doi: 10.1139/H07-088.


There is actual debate on a recent position of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), which has cautiously refrained from banning hypoxic tents and intends to monitor their health risk. Regardless of teleological and deontological concepts, we highlight that the health risks inherent to the widespread use of these artificial performance-enhancing devices would make them as unsafe as other forms of blood doping.

Publication types

  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Altitude
  • Atmosphere Exposure Chambers / adverse effects*
  • Atmosphere Exposure Chambers / ethics*
  • Doping in Sports / ethics*
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia / complications
  • Hypoxia / physiopathology*
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*
  • Risk
  • Sports / ethics*
  • Thromboembolism / epidemiology
  • Thromboembolism / etiology