Gouty attacks occur frequently in postoperative gastric bypass patients

Surg Obes Relat Dis. Jan-Feb 2008;4(1):11-3. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2007.09.012. Epub 2007 Dec 11.

Abstract

Background: Both obesity and surgery are known risk factors for instigating gouty attacks. We describe the incidence and management of postoperative gouty attacks after bariatric surgery.

Methods: We performed a retrospective, multi-institutional review of 411 consecutive laparoscopic gastric bypass patients and identified all patients with postoperative gouty attacks.

Results: Of the 411 patients reviewed, 21 (5.1%) had had a previous diagnosis of gout. Of these 21 patients, 7 (33.3%) had had an acute attack postoperatively. No patient who had never had a preoperative episode developed gout. In 4 of the 7 (57.1%) patients, the attack was severe enough to require treatment with corticosteroids. Monoarticular attacks occurred in 5 (71.4%) of the 7 patients, and polyarticular attacks occurred in 2 (28.6%). The joints involved included the toes, ankles, and wrists. One patient presented with cervical gout and developed polyarticular gout that required a significant rehabilitation stay.

Conclusion: The morbidity of postoperative gouty attacks in bariatric surgery patients is significant. Patients with a history of gout should given prophylactic treatment and closely monitored.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Female
  • Gastric Bypass*
  • Gout / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / surgery*
  • Postoperative Complications*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors