The effect of renal replacement therapies on serum gastrointestinal system hormones

Ren Fail. 2007;29(8):1019-23. doi: 10.1080/08860220701643799.

Abstract

Background: The kidney is a major site for the inactivation, degradation, and clearance of a variety of peptide hormones. It has been shown that the uremia increases or decreases gastrointestinal system (GIS) hormones. Moreover, studies investigating the serum GIS hormones levels in chronic renal failure (CRF) were conducted mainly in a particular period of the renal replacement therapy, and the changes caused by continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and hemodialysis (HD) could not be fully demonstrated. In this study, we investigated the effect of CAPD and HD on serum GIS hormones (amylase, lipase, trypsinogen, and gastrin) levels in CRF patients who were diagnosed for the first time.

Methods: Serum amylase, lipase, trypsinogen, and gastrin levels were measured in 36 patients who were just diagnosed with CRF, 22 patients with CAPD and 14 patients with HD. GIS hormones of these patients were measured before treatment and three months from the beginning of CAPD and HD treatment. As the control group, 20 normal healthy cases with well-matched age and gender were used.

Results: The mean serum amylase, lipase, secretin, and gastrin levels were found meaningfully decreased according to the beginning values at third months of the CAPD and HD treatment. However, they were higher than control group.

Conclusion: In patients receiving CAPD or HD as renal replacement therapy, GIS hormone levels were found to be lower, albeit higher than the healthy control group.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amylases / blood*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Hormones / blood*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / blood*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy
  • Lipase / blood*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Trypsinogen / blood*

Substances

  • Gastrointestinal Hormones
  • Trypsinogen
  • Lipase
  • Amylases