Epidemiology and aetiology of basal cell carcinoma

Br J Dermatol. 2007 Dec;157 Suppl 2:47-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2007.08273.x.


Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a malignant epithelial neoplasm of the skin preferentially affecting male caucasians and is rarely observed in patients with more intense skin pigmentation. A characteristic feature of BCCs are their extremely low risk to metastasize. Epidemiological data indicate that the overall incidence is increasing worldwide significantly by about 3-10% per annum.(1-3) Based on the increasing incidence of this usually not life-threatening tumour BCC appears to develop into a growing public health problem. This review elucidates the risk factors for the development and for the progression of BCC leading to an improved understanding of this tumour.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Basal Cell / epidemiology*
  • Carcinoma, Basal Cell / etiology
  • Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology
  • Disease Progression
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Skin Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Skin Neoplasms / etiology
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology