Background: Few articles have been published on imaging findings of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) of the lung. We present CT scan and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scan findings of the disease.
Methods: From March 1995 to February 2007, 21 pretreatment patients (male patients, 9; female patients, 12; age range, 35 to 76 years; mean [+/- SD] age, 54 +/- 10.4 years) were seen who had pathologic diagnoses of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of BALT. After CT scans were reviewed searching for specific patterns and distribution of parenchymal lung lesions, patients were classified as having the following four different patterns: (1) single nodular or consolidative; (2) multiple nodular or areas of consolidation; (3) bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis; and (4) diffuse interstitial lung disease (DILD) patterns. In six patients, in whom PET/CT scanning was performed, the pattern and the extent of maximum standardized uptake values (mSUVs) of FDG uptake were described.
Results: A single nodular or consolidative pattern was observed in 7 of 21 (33%) patients, multiple nodular or areas of consolidation were observed in 9 patients (43%), bronchiectasis and bronchiolitis were observed in 3 patients (14%), and DILD was observed in 2 patients (10%). On PET scans (n = 6), lesions showed heterogeneous FDG uptake in five patients and homogeneous uptake in one patient, with mSUVs ranging from 2.2 to 6.3 (mean mSUV, 4.2 +/- 1.48).
Conclusions: Marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of BALT manifest diverse patterns of lung abnormality on CT scans, but single or multiple nodules or areas of consolidation are the main patterns that occur in a majority (76%) of patients. Most lesions show heterogeneous but identifiable FDG uptake on PET scans.