Cadmium exposure: health hazards of silver cottage industry in developing countries

J Med Toxicol. 2006 Mar;2(1):14-5. doi: 10.1007/BF03161007.


In countries such as India, the silver jewelry industry is an important cottage industry. Silver is mixed with cadmium and then used to make silver jewelry. During this process there is a formation of cadmium fumes, and the workers inhale the fumes. Cadmium is a neurotoxic and nephrotoxic heavy metal, and there are no national policies to prevent exposure to such chemicals. We will present a case of cadmium induced peripheral neuropathy, nephropathy, and decreased bone density.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Density / drug effects
  • Cadmium / adverse effects*
  • Cadmium Poisoning*
  • Developing Countries*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Inhalation Exposure*
  • Kidney Diseases / chemically induced
  • Male
  • Occupational Diseases / chemically induced
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Polyneuropathies / chemically induced
  • Silver*
  • Welding*


  • Cadmium
  • Silver