Antimicrobial susceptibility and beta-lactamase production of anaerobic and aerobic bacteria isolated from pus specimens from orofacial infections

J Chemother. 2007 Oct;19(5):495-9. doi: 10.1179/joc.2007.19.5.495.


Most suppurative orofacial infections are polymicrobial. Information regarding the antimicrobial susceptibility of the microorganisms involved can be useful in the choice of an effective antibiotic therapy. In this study we determined the antimicrobial susceptibility of a total 235 anaerobic and aerobic bacteria recently isolated from pus specimens of orofacial infections. All the viridans streptococci were susceptible to penicillin, cefotaxime, cefoxitin, imipenem and levofloxacin. Imipenem and levofloxacin were active against 100% of the anaerobic Gram-positive organisms isolated. Among the anaerobic Gram-negative rods beta-lactamase production was detected in all species except Campylobacter rectus. Amoxicillin-clavulanate, cefoxitin, imipenem and metronidazole were active against all the isolates of anaerobic Gram-negative species. Isolates resistant to erythromycin were found in all the species tested, however, resistance to clindamycin was only detected in Porphyromonas gingivalis and Bacteroides ureolyticus. Isolates resistant to levofloxacin were detected in P. gingivalis and Prevotella sp.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Bacteria, Aerobic / enzymology*
  • Bacteria, Anaerobic / enzymology*
  • Bacterial Infections / enzymology*
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Periodontal Diseases / drug therapy
  • Periodontal Diseases / microbiology*
  • Suppuration / microbiology
  • Tooth Diseases / drug therapy
  • Tooth Diseases / microbiology*
  • beta-Lactam Resistance*
  • beta-Lactamases / biosynthesis
  • beta-Lactams / pharmacology


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • beta-Lactams
  • beta-Lactamases