Once a year, every country that participates in the European Surveillance Scheme for Travel Associated Legionnaires' Disease (EWGLINET) is asked to submit a dataset comprising all cases of Legionnaires' disease (not only travel-associated) with date of onset in the previous year. This paper presents the data collected for 2005 and 2006. In this period, 11,980 cases were reported by 35 countries, showing a continued increase compared with earlier years. 214 outbreaks or clusters were reported, involving 1028 cases. 377 cases died, giving a case fatality rate of 6.6%. The highest incidence rates in both years were recorded in Spain, while six countries reported a rate of less than one case per million population in at least one of the years. Incidence rates by age group were included in the dataset for the first time, showing an increase of the overall rate with age. Main method of diagnosis was the urinary antigen test (76.0%), whilst the percentage of cases diagnosed by culture fell from 10.0% in previous years to 8.9% in 2005-2006.