Effects of exposing C57BL/6J mice to high- and low-frequency augmented acoustic environments: auditory brainstem response thresholds, cytocochleograms, anterior cochlear nucleus morphology and the role of gonadal hormones

Hear Res. 2008 Jan;235(1-2):60-71. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2007.10.006. Epub 2007 Nov 13.

Abstract

Gonadectomized and intact adult C57BL/6J (B6) mice of both sexes were exposed for 12h nightly to an augmented acoustic environment (AAE): repetitive bursts of a 70dB SPL noise band. The high-frequency AAE (HAAE) was a half-octave band centered at 20kHz; the low-frequency AAE (LAAE) was a 2-8kHz band. The effects of sex, gonadectomy, and AAE treatment on genetic progressive hearing loss (a trait of B6 mice) were evaluated by obtaining auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds at ages 3-, 6-, and 9-months. At 9-months of age, hair cell counts (cytocochleograms) were obtained, and morphometric measures of the anteroventral cochlear nucleus (AVCN) were obtained. LAAE treatment caused elevation in ABR thresholds (8-24kHz), with the highest thresholds occurring in intact females. LAAE treatment caused some loss of outer hair cells in the basal half of the cochlea (in addition to losses normally occurring in B6 mice), with intact females losing more cells than intact males. The loss of AVCN neurons and shrinkage of tissue volume that typically occur in 9-month-old B6 mice was lessened by LAAE treatment in intact (but not gonadectomized) male mice, whereas the degenerative changes were exacerbated in intact (but not gonadectomized) females. These LAAE effects were prominent in, but not restricted to, the tonotopic low-frequency (ventral) AVCN. HAAE treatment resulted in some loss of neurons in the high-frequency (dorsal) AVCN. In general, LAAE treatment plus male gonadal hormones (intact males) had an ameliorative effect whereas HAAE or LAAE treatment plus ovarian hormones (intact females) had a negative effect on age-related changes in the B6 auditory system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Acoustic Stimulation / methods*
  • Age Factors
  • Aging / pathology
  • Animals
  • Auditory Pathways / metabolism
  • Auditory Pathways / pathology*
  • Auditory Threshold*
  • Cell Count
  • Cochlea / metabolism
  • Cochlea / pathology*
  • Cochlear Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cochlear Nucleus / pathology*
  • Environment
  • Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem*
  • Female
  • Gonadal Steroid Hormones / metabolism*
  • Hair Cells, Auditory, Inner / pathology
  • Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer / pathology
  • Hearing Loss / genetics
  • Hearing Loss / metabolism
  • Hearing Loss / pathology*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neurons / pathology
  • Orchiectomy
  • Ovariectomy
  • Sex Factors

Substances

  • Gonadal Steroid Hormones