Rationale and objectives: On-call radiology residents frequently interpret computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography and CT venography studies outside of routine working hours. The purpose of this study was to compare resident and faculty interpretation concordance rates and to see if concordance rates differed depending on the number of CT detectors used.
Materials and methods: The study population included 122 consecutive CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and CT venography (CTV) examinations performed on a four-row multidetector CT (MDCT) and 125 consecutive CTPA examinations performed using a 16-row MDCT scanner with CTV performed in 124 patients. Preliminary resident reports and final faculty reports were compared. Discrepant cases were independently reviewed by three cardiothoracic radiologists who were unaware of the initial interpretations. Interpretation concordance rates were calculated for both 4- and 16- row MDCT studies and compared using Fisher's exact test.
Results: Resident and faculty CTPA and CTV interpretations were concordant in 80% of the 4-row cases and 94% of the 16-row cases. When comparing resident interpretation to the final expert reference standard, the corrected resident error rate was 11% and 2% for 4-row CTPA and CTV, respectively and 4% and 2% for 16-row CTPA and CTV, respectively. Overall CTPA and CTV concordance was significantly lower for 4-row MDCT (80% versus 94%, P < .001 [two-sided] by Fisher's exact test).
Conclusions: Radiology resident interpretation of CTPA and CTV studies demonstrates a high level of agreement with radiology faculty interpretation. Concordance rates are significantly higher for 16-row MDCT than 4-row MDCT which may be due to improved image quality.