Cataract surgery and intraocular lens manufacturing in India

Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2008 Jan;19(1):60-5. doi: 10.1097/ICU.0b013e3282f2aaed.


Purpose of review: Cataract surgery in India has seen exponential growth in the past decade. This leap was possible due to cost-effective cataract surgery with intraocular lenses. The purpose of this review is to update the reader regarding the Indian scenario of cataract surgery and intraocular lens manufacturing.

Recent findings: India performed an estimated 0.5 million cataract surgeries in 1981-1982; this increased to 4.8 million in 2006 with 90% intraocular lens acceptance. There has been a sustained shift from sutured extracapsular cataract surgery to small-incision cataract surgery. Phacoemulsification with foldable lenses is becoming the surgical choice in the urban setting. The Indian intraocular lens industry is maturing from a low-cost manufacturer to a quality-conscious, technology-driven and value-priced industry to meet present and future market needs.

Summary: The burden of cataract blindness is a major challenge for all developing countries. India has managed to improve its cataract surgical rate by an amalgam of factors such as low surgical costs, low-cost indigenous eye-care consumables, infrastructure development and enhanced training. The findings from this review will be useful to develop strategies to enhance the uptake of cataract surgery in developing countries.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blindness / epidemiology
  • Blindness / etiology
  • Blindness / prevention & control
  • Cataract / complications
  • Cataract / epidemiology
  • Cataract Extraction* / standards
  • Cataract Extraction* / statistics & numerical data
  • Cataract Extraction* / trends
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Prevalence
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Quality Indicators, Health Care