Absence of HTLV-I and HTLV-II infection in prostitutes in the area of Seville, Spain

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1991 Sep;10(9):773-5. doi: 10.1007/BF01972509.


Infection with human retroviruses other than HIV in Spain has only been reported in isolated cases in African immigrants and intravenous drug abusers infected with HTLV-I. The status of the prostitute population is unknown. The sera of 88 prostitutes in Seville were therefore tested for HIV, HTLV-I and HTLV-II, and relevant epidemiological data were collected on the health status, sexual practices etc. In the prostitute population studied 2.5% of the non-intravenous drug abusers and 20% of the intravenous drug abusers were positive for HIV. However, infection with HTLV-I/II could not be demonstrated in any of them.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • HIV Antibodies / analysis
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections / immunology
  • HTLV-I Antibodies / analysis
  • HTLV-I Infections / diagnosis*
  • HTLV-I Infections / epidemiology
  • HTLV-I Infections / immunology
  • HTLV-II Antibodies / analysis
  • HTLV-II Infections / diagnosis*
  • HTLV-II Infections / epidemiology
  • HTLV-II Infections / immunology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Work* / statistics & numerical data
  • Spain / epidemiology
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous / complications


  • HIV Antibodies
  • HTLV-I Antibodies
  • HTLV-II Antibodies