The diuretic actions of torasemide and furosemide were studied in normotensive rats and in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-saline-loaded hypertensive rats. Torasemide (0.3-3 mg/kg) and furosemide (3-30 mg/kg) had a dose-dependent and significant diuretic action in normotensive rats. Potassium retention was only observed in the case of torasemide. Torasemide also had a dose-dependent and significant diuretic action in DOCA-saline-loaded hypertensive rats, whereas furosemide did not. Higher doses of torasemide (10 mg/kg) and furosemide (100 mg/kg) increased both plasma renin activity and aldosterone concentration in normotensive rats in a similar manner. In vivo aldosterone receptor binding was determined to test the possible anti-aldosteronergic effect of torasemide. Torasemide inhibited the binding of aldosterone to its receptor in the cytoplasmic fraction of rat kidney in a dose-dependent manner, while furosemide produced no effect. These results suggest strongly that an anti-aldosteronergic action of torasemide contributes to producing less kaliuresis.