Objective: To evaluate the response of women with low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary or peritoneum to platinum-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Methods: Using institutional databases, we identified 25 women with advanced low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary or peritoneum treated with neoadjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy between 1989 and 2006. Demographic and clinical variables were abstracted from the medical records. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.
Results: Median patient age at diagnosis was 45 years (range 29-81). The majority of patients (n=19, 76%) received a combination of a taxane and platinum drug. A median of six cycles of chemotherapy was administered (range 2-16). Of the 20 patients for whom pre- and post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy CA-125 levels were available, 50% had a >50% reduction after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, radiographic survey of the 24 patients evaluable at the completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy demonstrated one patient (4%) with a complete response, 21 (88%) with stable disease and 2 (8%) with progression following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Median PFS and OS for all patients were 21.4 and 56.1 months, respectively.
Conclusions: The low response rate to platinum-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy observed indicates that low-grade serous carcinoma is not as responsive to conventional chemotherapy as high-grade serous carcinoma. Prospective clinical trials focused specifically on low-grade serous carcinoma are needed to make meaningful advances in the treatment of this disease.