Background: Genetic factors are likely to be involved in the pathogenesis of intracranial, ascending thoracic aorta, and infrarenal aortic abdominal aneurysms. Common genetic risk factors for these three types of aneurysms have been suggested. This review describes the results of whole-genome linkage studies on intracranial, thoracic aorta, and aortic abdominal aneurysms, and compares the genomic loci identified in these studies in search of possible common genetic risk factors for the three aneurysmal types.
Methods: A literature search of all whole-genome linkage studies performed on intracranial, thoracic aorta, and aortic abdominal aneurysms was performed. The genomic loci identified in these studies were described and compared in search of similarities between them.
Results: Five chromosomal regions on 3p24-25, 4q32-34, 5q, 11q24, and 19q that may play a role in the pathogenesis of two or more aneurysmal types were identified: 3p24-25 for thoracic aorta and intracranial aneurysms; 4q32-34 for aortic abdominal and intracranial aneurysms; 5q for thoracic aorta and intracranial aneurysms; 11q24 for thoracic aorta, aortic abdominal, and intracranial aneurysms; and 19q for aortic abdominal and intracranial aneurysms.
Conclusions: Five chromosomal regions that may include common genetic factors for intracranial, thoracic aorta, and aortic abdominal aneurysms were identified. Further studies are needed to explore these chromosomal regions in different aneurysm patient groups and may further help to unravel the disease pathogenesis of aneurysms in general.