C-reactive protein, diastolic dysfunction, and risk of heart failure in patients with coronary disease: Heart and Soul Study

Eur J Heart Fail. 2008 Jan;10(1):63-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ejheart.2007.11.003. Epub 2007 Dec 21.


Background: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory marker that predicts coronary heart disease (CHD) and, in recent studies, incident heart failure (HF). Whether the association of inflammation with incident HF is explained by worse baseline left ventricular dysfunction or by underlying CHD is unknown.

Methods and results: Serum CRP was measured in a cohort of 985 outpatients with established CHD from the Heart and Soul Study. During 3 years of follow-up, 15% of the participants with elevated CRP levels (>3 mg/L) were hospitalised for HF, compared with 7% of those with CRP <or= 3 mg/L. In multivariate analysis, elevated CRP was associated with HF after adjustment for traditional risk factors, baseline CHD severity and interim MI (adjusted HR 2.1, 95% CI, 1.2-3.6; p=0.009). However, elevated CRP was no longer associated with HF after further adjustment for the presence of diastolic dysfunction on echocardiography (adjusted HR 1.6, 95% CI, 0.8-3.2; p=0.1).

Conclusions: Among outpatients with stable CHD, elevated CRP levels predict hospitalisation for heart failure, independent of baseline heart failure, medication use, CHD severity, and subsequent MI events. This relationship appears to be at least partly explained by abnormal diastolic function in patients with elevated CRP levels.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • C-Reactive Protein / analysis*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Coronary Disease / blood
  • Coronary Disease / complications*
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal
  • Female
  • Heart Failure, Diastolic / blood*
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / complications
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnostic imaging


  • C-Reactive Protein