Achieving blood pressure targets during dialysis improves control but increases intradialytic hypotension

Kidney Int. 2008 Mar;73(6):759-64. doi: 10.1038/sj.ki.5002745. Epub 2007 Dec 26.

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease remains the most common cause of mortality in patients with end-stage kidney disease treated by regular hemodialysis. To improve blood pressure control and reduce cardiovascular risk, the United Kingdom Renal Association standards committee introduced pre- and post-dialysis target blood pressures of less than 140/90 and 130/80 mm Hg, respectively. We audited blood pressure control and symptomatic intradialytic hypotension requiring fluid resuscitation in the Greater London area renal centers that serve 2630 patients. The study captured 7890 hemodialysis sessions during a 1-week period where only 36% of the patients achieved the pre-dialysis target and 42% the post-dialysis target, with a wide variation between centers. Different antihypertensive medication prescriptions did not affect achievement of these targets. Fifteen percent of the patients suffered symptomatic hypotension requiring fluid resuscitation associated with significantly greater interdialytic weight gains. Our study found that intradialytic hypotension was significantly greater in centers that achieved better post-dialysis blood pressure targeting.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure Determination / standards*
  • Blood Pressure*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Hypotension / epidemiology*
  • Kidney Diseases / therapy*
  • Male
  • Medical Audit
  • Middle Aged
  • Reference Values
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*
  • Risk
  • United Kingdom / epidemiology