Tunable plasmonic response from alkanethiolate-stabilized gold nanoparticle superlattices: evidence of near-field coupling

J Am Chem Soc. 2008 Jan 23;130(3):824-6. doi: 10.1021/ja0773610. Epub 2007 Dec 29.


We report on the self-assembly of large-area, highly ordered 2D superlattices of alkanethiolate-stabilized gold nanoparticles ( approximately 10.5 nm in core diameter) onto quartz substrates with varying lattice constants, which can be controlled by the alkyl chain lengths, ranging from C12 (1-dodecanethiolate), C14 (1-tetradecanethiolate), C16 (1-hexadecanethiolate), to C18 (1-octadecanethiolate). These 2D nanoparticle superlattices exhibit strong collective surface plasmon resonance that is tunable via the near-field coupling of adjacent nanoparticles. The approach presented here provides a unique and viable means of building artificial "plasmonic crystals" with precisely designed optical properties, which can be useful for the emerging fields of plasmonics, such as subwavelength integrated optics.