Storage phosphor imaging may be of value for biodistribution studies of short-living radiotracers in small animals. Efficiency, sensitivity and resolution of imaging plates for short-living radioisotopes vary considerably but linear response to many radioisotopes was shown previously. However, these properties have not been compared directly for larger series of short-living radioisotopes, and only few studies have directly compared data obtained from phosphor images of tissue slices with results from dissection biodistribution studies. Therefore, we evaluated the properties of imaging plates for 11 short-living radioisotopes (18F, 32P, 67Ga, 89Sr, (99m)Tc, 90Y, 111In, 123I, 125I, 131I and 201Tl). We also evaluated the biodistribution of [123I]FP-CIT in rat brain using both the phosphor technique and conventional dissection methods. The imaging system showed a linear response for all tested radioisotopes over a wide range of radioactive concentrations and the efficiency, sensitivity and resolution varied greatly for the tested radioisotopes. Shielding experiments revealed the contribution of the various emission products of radioisotopes to these properties. However, quantitative biodistribution studies with radiotracers that are labeled with all tested radioisotopes, even 123I, are feasible. The results from the ex vivo biodistribution study, using [123I]FP-CIT as a radiotracer were similar for the phosphor imaging technique as compared to the dissection technique. Advantages of phosphor imaging in radiotracer distribution studies in rat brain as compared to dissection experiments may be more precise measurements, possibility to reanalyze imaging data and 3D-reconstruction. In conclusion, phosphor imaging is an attractive alternative for biodistribution studies of short-living radiotracers in small animals.