Tracheal Suctioning Is Associated With Prolonged Disturbances of Cerebral Hemodynamics in Very Low Birth Weight Infants

J Perinatol. 2008 Jan;28(1):34-41. doi: 10.1038/sj.jp.7211848. Epub 2007 Oct 25.

Abstract

Objectives: Examining the effects of tracheal suctioning on cerebral hemodynamics of normotensive ventilated very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with normal cranial ultrasounds; determining the factor(s) influencing changes in mean cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv) after suctioning.

Methods: Seventy-three VLBW infants had continuous monitoring of mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), PaCO(2), PaO(2) and mean CBFv before, during, and after 202 suctioning sessions during the first week of life. Peak (or nadir) and relative changes of the four variables for 45 min after suctioning were calculated. Multiple linear regression was used to determine the factor(s) influencing changes in mean CBFv after suctioning.

Result: Birth weight was 928+/-244 g; gestational age was 27.0+/-2.0 weeks. Mean CBFv increased to 31.0+/-26.4% after suctioning and remained elevated for 25 min. PaCO(2) was highly associated with mean CBFv (P<0.001), whereas MABP and PaO(2) were not.

Conclusion: We observed prolonged increases of mean CBFv following suctioning in ventilated VLBW infants that were previously unrecognized. This is concerning since disturbances of CBF may be associated with subsequent brain injury.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Gas Analysis
  • Blood Pressure Determination
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology*
  • Female
  • Gestational Age
  • Hemodynamics / physiology*
  • High-Frequency Ventilation / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Very Low Birth Weight*
  • Male
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Prospective Studies
  • Respiration, Artificial / adverse effects
  • Suction / adverse effects*
  • Suction / methods
  • Trachea