Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 31 (2), 169-77

Internet-administered Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Health Problems: A Systematic Review


Internet-administered Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Health Problems: A Systematic Review

Pim Cuijpers et al. J Behav Med.


Cognitive-behavioral interventions are the most extensively researched form of psychological treatment and are increasingly offered through the Internet. Internet-based interventions may save therapist time, reduce waiting-lists, cut traveling time, and reach populations with health problems who can not easily access other more traditional forms of treatments. We conducted a systematic review of twelve randomized controlled or comparative trials. Studies were identified through systematic searches in major bibliographical databases. Three studies focused on patients suffering from pain, three on headache, and six on other health problems. The effects found for Internet interventions targeting pain were comparable to the effects found for face-to-face treatments, and the same was true for interventions aimed at headache. The other interventions also showed some effects, although effects differed across target conditions. Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral interventions are a promising addition and complement to existing treatments. The Internet will most likely assume a major role in the future delivery of cognitive-behavioral interventions to patients with health problems.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 142 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles


    1. {'text': '', 'index': 1, 'ids': [{'type': 'DOI', 'value': '10.1046/j.1526-4610.2003.03070.x', 'is_inner': False, 'url': ''}, {'type': 'PubMed', 'value': '12656706', 'is_inner': True, 'url': ''}]}
    2. Andersson, G., Lundstrom, P., & Strom, L. (2003). Internet-based treatment of headache: Does telephone contact add anything? Headache, 43, 353–361. - PubMed
    1. {'text': '', 'index': 1, 'ids': [{'type': 'DOI', 'value': '10.1097/01.PSY.0000031577.42041.F8', 'is_inner': False, 'url': ''}, {'type': 'PubMed', 'value': '12271112', 'is_inner': True, 'url': ''}]}
    2. Andersson, G., Stromgren, T., Strom, L., & Lyttkens, L. (2002). Randomized controlled trial of internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for distress associated with tinnitus. Psychosomatic Medicine, 64, 810–816. - PubMed
    1. None
    2. Barlow, D. H. (2002). Anxiety and its disorders. The nature and treatment of anxiety and panic. New York: Guilford press.
    1. {'text': '', 'index': 1, 'ids': [{'type': 'PMC', 'value': 'PMC1446190', 'is_inner': False, 'url': ''}, {'type': 'PubMed', 'value': '10754976', 'is_inner': True, 'url': ''}]}
    2. Bijl, R. V., & Ravelli, A. (2000). Psychiatric morbidity, service use, and need for care in the general population: Results of The Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study. American Journal of Public Health, 90, 602–607. - PMC - PubMed
    1. {'text': '', 'index': 1, 'ids': [{'type': 'PubMed', 'value': '7833575', 'is_inner': True, 'url': ''}]}
    2. Bogaards, M. C., & ter Kuile, M. M. (1994). Treatment of recurrent headache: A meta-analytic review. Clinical Journal of Pain, 10, 174–190. - PubMed