Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cancer testis tumor-associated antigens MAGE-A and NY-ESO-1 in cervical cancer and correlate expression patterns with clinicopathologic parameters and prognosis.
Study design: One hundred sixty-two cervical cancer samples from 109 patients who were treated with radical hysterectomy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, or pelvic disease recurrence were analyzed by immunohistochemistry.
Results: MAGE-A was expressed by 32/94 (34%) and 7/15 (47%) previously untreated and recurrent tumors, respectively. NY-ESO-1 was expressed by 46/94 (49%) and 6/15 (40%) previously untreated and recurrent tumors, respectively. MAGE-A in early stage tumors was correlated to tumor size and lymph node metastases (P = .024 and P = .046, respectively) whereas NY-ESO-1 to tumor grading (P = .039).
Conclusion: Cervical cancer frequently expresses cancer testis tumor-associated antigens. MAGE-A and NY-ESO-1 expression rates are not influenced by systemic therapies. Cancer testis tumor-associated antigens are correlated to common prognostic factors.