Childhood coma in Ibadan. Relationship to socio-economic factors

Trop Geogr Med. 1991 Jul;43(3):288-92.

Abstract

According to the literature, socio-economic factors may contribute more to geographic variations in the aetiology and prognosis of childhood coma than has previously been recognised. This prospective study involving 118 children with strictly defined coma demonstrated that the commonest causes of coma in Ibadan were cerebral malaria (55%), meningitis (13%) and encephalitis (10%). The prognosis was poor. Forty-three (36%) of 118 cases died and 75 (64%) survived, including 23 who showed neurologic deficits. Noteworthy prognostic indices of coma were the aetiology of the condition, the presence of severe anaemia, hypoglycaemia and pneumonia. The findings are discussed in the context of the socio-economic background of children in the tropics.

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Coma / epidemiology*
  • Coma / etiology
  • Coma / therapy
  • Encephalitis / complications
  • Encephalitis / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Hospitals, University
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Malaria, Cerebral / complications
  • Malaria, Cerebral / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Meningitis / complications
  • Meningitis / epidemiology
  • Nigeria / epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Survival Rate