How the brain obeys Hering's law: a TMS study of the posterior parietal cortex

Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Jan;49(1):230-7. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-0854.


Purpose: Human ocular saccades are not perfectly yoked; the origin of this disconjugacy (muscular versus central) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to test a cortical influence on the binocular coordination of saccades.

Methods: The authors used a gap paradigm to elicit vertical or horizontal saccades of 10 degrees , randomly interleaved; transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was applied on the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) 100 ms after the target onset.

Results: TMS of the left or right PPC increased (i) the misalignment of the eyes during the presaccadic fixation period; (ii) the size difference between the saccades of the eyes, called disconjugacy; the increase of disconjugacy was significant for rightward and downward saccades after TMS of the right PPC and for downward saccades after TMS of the left PPC.

Conclusions: The authors conclude that the PPC is actively involved in maintaining eye alignment during fixation and in the control of binocular coordination of saccades.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Fixation, Ocular / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Parietal Lobe / physiology*
  • Saccades / physiology*
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology*