Young citizens as health agents: use of drama in promoting community efficacy for HIV/AIDS

Am J Public Health. 2008 Feb;98(2):201-4. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.113704. Epub 2008 Jan 2.


A community-based cluster randomized control trial in a medium-sized municipality in Tanzania was designed to increase local competence to control HIV/AIDS through actions initiated by children and adolescents aged 10 to 14 years. Representative groups from the 15 treatment communities reached mutual understanding about their objectives as health agents, prioritized their actions, and skillfully applied community drama ("skits") to impart knowledge about the social realities and the microbiology of HIV/AIDS. In independently conducted surveys of neighborhood residents, differences were found between adults who did and did not witness the skits in their beliefs about the efficacy of children as HIV/AIDS primary change agents.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / diagnosis
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / ethnology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / therapy
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome* / transmission
  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child Behavior*
  • Drama*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections* / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections* / ethnology
  • HIV Infections* / therapy
  • HIV Infections* / transmission
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Leadership
  • Learning
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prejudice
  • Risk
  • Self Efficacy
  • Social Behavior
  • Social Conditions
  • Tanzania