Gibberellin metabolism and its regulation

Annu Rev Plant Biol. 2008;59:225-51. doi: 10.1146/annurev.arplant.59.032607.092804.


Bioactive gibberellins (GAs) are diterpene plant hormones that are biosynthesized through complex pathways and control diverse aspects of growth and development. Biochemical, genetic, and genomic approaches have led to the identification of the majority of the genes that encode GA biosynthesis and deactivation enzymes. Recent studies have highlighted the occurrence of previously unrecognized deactivation mechanisms. It is now clear that both GA biosynthesis and deactivation pathways are tightly regulated by developmental, hormonal, and environmental signals, consistent with the role of GAs as key growth regulators. In some cases, the molecular mechanisms for fine-tuning the hormone levels are beginning to be uncovered. In this review, I summarize our current understanding of the GA biosynthesis and deactivation pathways in plants and fungi, and discuss how GA concentrations in plant tissues are regulated during development and in response to environmental stimuli.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gibberellins / chemistry
  • Gibberellins / genetics*
  • Gibberellins / metabolism*
  • Meristem / physiology
  • Models, Molecular
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism*
  • Plant Physiological Phenomena
  • Plants / genetics*
  • Plants / metabolism


  • Gibberellins
  • Plant Growth Regulators