Dermatofibroma on the palmar surface of the hand

Skinmed. 2008 Jan-Feb;7(1):41-3. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-9740.2007.06500.x.


Case 1: A 58-year-old man presented with a solitary asymptomatic nodule on his thumb (Figure A). After trauma with a rusty nail approximately 20 years ago, he had developed a small papule, which had enlarged gradually for a few days initially before stabilizing. His personal and family medical histories were unremarkable. Dermatologic examination revealed a 1-cm crater-like nodule on the left palmar area. This was a firm and nontender lesion that was fixed to the overlying skin but moved freely from underlying structures. There were no similar lesions elsewhere on his body. Case 2: A 52-year-old man presented with a nodular lesion on the left palmar surface of his thumb. The 0.8-cm lesion was lightly colored, with a central cup-shaped epidermal depression and thin epidermis. The patient described an insect bite to the area 15 years earlier as the precipitating event. The firm and nontender lesion was fixed to the overlying skin but moved freely from underlying structures (Figure B). Case 3: A 36-year-old man consulted for a nodular lesion, located on his left palmar surface, that had not enlarged or changed since appearing 3 years ago. He described mechanical trauma to the area as precipitating the lesion. Clinical examination revealed a 0.6-cm, well-circumscribed nodule, with a dome shape and colored skin. Clinically, the nodular lesion appeared to be a benign tumor (Figure C). In each case, the nodule was excised totally and histopathologic examination revealed a well-circumscribed, nonencapsulated nodule within the mid-dermis. Thick, acellular collagen bundles were arranged randomly in short fascicles through the center of the lesion. Cellular areas consisting of histiocytes and fibroblasts with a storiform pattern at the periphery of lesion were observed, but nuclear atypia and mitotic activity were not. Results of immunohistochemical stain with CD34 were negative, but in all cases were strongly positive for Factor XIIIa. Slight epidermal hyperplasia was present with orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis and flattened rete ridges in the overlying epidermis (Figure A-1, Figure B-1, Figure C-1). The subcutaneous fat and adjacent skin were normal. No folliculosebaceous units at the periphery of the lesion were seen, but a few eccrine sweet glands were noted. No recurrence appeared in 18 months of follow-up.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Dermatofibrosarcoma / etiology
  • Dermatofibrosarcoma / pathology*
  • Hand Dermatoses / etiology
  • Hand Dermatoses / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Punctures / adverse effects
  • Skin Neoplasms / etiology
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology*