Neuroprotective properties of gallic acid from Sanguisorbae radix on amyloid beta protein (25--35)-induced toxicity in cultured rat cortical neurons

Biol Pharm Bull. 2008 Jan;31(1):149-53. doi: 10.1248/bpb.31.149.


Our previous studies reported that methanol extract of Sanguisorbae radix from Sanguisorba officinalis L. (Rosaceae) prevented neuronal cell damage induced by Abeta (25-35) in vitro. The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of gallic acid isolated from Sanguisorbae radix on Abeta (25-35)-induced neurotoxicity using cultured rat cortical neurons. Gallic acid (0.1, 1 microM) showed a concentration-dependent inhibition on Abeta (25-35) (10 microM)-induced apoptotic neuronal death, as assessed by a 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and Hoechst 33,342 staining. Pretreatment of gallic acid inhibited 10 microM Abeta (25-35)-induced elevation of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which were measured by fluorescent dyes. Gallic acid also inhibited glutamate release into medium induced by 10 microM Abeta (25-35), which was measured by HPLC. These results suggest that gallic acid prevents Abeta (25-35)-induced apoptotic neuronal death by interfering with the increase of [Ca(2+)](c), and then by inhibiting glutamate release and generation of ROS, and that these effects of gallic acid may be partly associated with the neuroprotective effect of Sanguisorbae radix.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / toxicity*
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cerebral Cortex / drug effects*
  • Cerebral Cortex / metabolism
  • Cerebral Cortex / pathology
  • Female
  • Gallic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Glutamic Acid / metabolism
  • Neuroprotective Agents / pharmacology*
  • Peptide Fragments / toxicity*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Sanguisorba / chemistry*


  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Neuroprotective Agents
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • amyloid beta-protein (25-35)
  • Glutamic Acid
  • Gallic Acid
  • Calcium