Objectives/hypothesis: Laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) represents a significant treatment dilemma faced by otolaryngologists. Recent topical use of Mitomycin C as an adjunctive treatment has proved helpful but does not completely prevent stenosis. Current literature suggests that transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) plays a significant role in the development of subglottic stenosis. We modified an existing canine model to test antitransforming growth factor beta (anti-TGFB) as a possible treatment for laryngotracheal stenosis.
Study design: Pilot study in a modified canine model.
Methods: Eight mixed-breed dogs underwent cautery injury to the subglottic region creating subsequent laryngotracheal stenosis. Four dogs were treated with saline injection into the injury site and four dogs were treated with a combination of intravenous (5 mg/kg on day 0 and 5 of the experiment) and local injection of anti-TGFB (50 micrograms).
Results: In the canine model of induced subglottic airway injury, a combination of intralesional and intravenous anti-TGFB results in a reduction in tracheal stenosis (P < .05) and an increase in survival time (P < .03) when compared to the saline control subjects.
Conclusions: Anti-TGFB appears to be a useful adjunct in the treatment of LTS. Further study regarding the optimal dosing, route of administration, and timing of delivery is needed to understand the role of anti-TGFB in the treatment for laryngotracheal stenosis.