Specificity of episodic and semantic aspects of autobiographical memory in relation to symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Acta Psychol (Amst). 2008 Mar;127(3):645-53. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2007.11.001. Epub 2008 Feb 14.

Abstract

Two studies examined the relationship between the ability to access specific autobiographical material in memory and presence/symptoms of posttraumatic stress. In Study 1, a sample of refugees with a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) completed the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) in which they had to generate specific episodic autobiographical memories in response to emotion-related cue words. Results showed that reduced specificity of memories on the AMT was associated with an increased frequency of trauma-related flashbacks but with reduced use of effortful avoidance to deal with trauma-related intrusions in the day-to-day. Study 2 examined retrieval of semantic autobiographical information from previous lifetime periods in groups of cancer survivors with posttraumatic stress and healthy controls. The cancer survivors were able to generate fewer specific semantic details about the personal past compared to the controls. The more symptomatic survivors showed the greatest memory impairment. The data from both studies are discussed in terms of compromised access to specific autobiographical material in distressed trauma survivors reflecting a process of affect regulation.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Autobiographies as Topic
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina / ethnology
  • Cues
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interview, Psychological / methods
  • Iran
  • Male
  • Memory Disorders / diagnosis
  • Memory Disorders / psychology*
  • Memory*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Refugees / psychology
  • Semantics*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Survivors / psychology
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • United Kingdom
  • Word Association Tests
  • Yugoslavia / ethnology