Shoulder replacement has increased exponentially in recent decades, and previous studies have documented the effectiveness of this procedure. Pain relief, physical functional level, and health-related quality of life, however, were often not assessed. To our knowledge, no published articles have assessed quality of life in shoulder replacement for fracture. The main purpose of this study was to assess the patient-relevant outcomes in patients who underwent shoulder replacement for proximal humeral fractures. Standardized quality of life and shoulder-specific, self-administered questionnaires were used. On the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey, as expected, we observed a lower score in the domain compared with healthy Italian subjects. A surprising finding was that in the General Health and Role-Emotional domains, our sample had a better picture than the healthy one, probably because patients had experienced severe trauma and major surgery previously. These data represent the first step toward the definition of outcome for this procedure. This study does not address the necessity of therapy, but if this were included in future publications, it might provide useful data for therapeutic recommendations.