Sonography of the clitoris

J Sex Med. 2008 Feb;5(2):413-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2007.00699.x. Epub 2008 Jan 2.


Introduction: The prevalence of invasive procedures in diagnosing female sexual dysfunctions and pathologies is high. There is a need for a less invasive evaluation tool and medical imaging of the clitoris may be a solution. The clitoris has already been studied with nuclear magnetic resonance but there are very few sonographic 2D and 3D studies despite the fact that it is a simple, noninvasive, and inexpensive method.

Aim: This study aims at determining the feasibility of using ultrasound (US) techniques to image the clitoris in sufficient detail to permit evaluation of anatomy for possible use in study.

Methods: The ultrasounds were performed in five healthy volunteers with the Voluson GE Sonography system (GE Healthcare Ultrasound, Zipf, Austria), using one 12-MHz flat probe.

Main outcome measures: The clitoral body's diameter, the length of the raphe.

Results: The three planes-the cross-section, sagittal section, and coronal section-were revealed making it possible to study the entire organ.

Conclusion: The sonography is a simple, inexpensive, noninvasive mean which might help for the evaluation of this organ.

MeSH terms

  • Clitoris / anatomy & histology*
  • Clitoris / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Ultrasonography
  • Vagina / anatomy & histology
  • Vagina / diagnostic imaging
  • Women's Health*