Evidence for CALM in directing VAMP2 trafficking

Traffic. 2008 Mar;9(3):417-29. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0854.2007.00694.x. Epub 2007 Dec 21.


Clathrin assembly lymphoid myeloid leukemia protein (CALM) is a clathrin assembly protein with a domain structure similar to the neuron-specific assembly protein AP180. We have previously found that CALM is expressed in neurons and present in synapses. We now report that CALM has a neuron-related function: it facilitates the endocytosis of the synaptic vesicle protein VAMP2 from the plasma membrane. Overexpression of CALM leads to the reduction of cell surface VAMP2, whereas knockdown of CALM by RNA interference results in the accumulation of surface VAMP2. The AP180 N-terminal homology (ANTH) domain of CALM is required for its effect on VAMP2 trafficking, and the ANTH domain itself acts as a dominant-negative mutant. Thus, our results reveal a role for CALM in directing VAMP2 trafficking during endocytosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Endocytosis
  • Humans
  • Monomeric Clathrin Assembly Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Monomeric Clathrin Assembly Proteins / chemistry
  • Monomeric Clathrin Assembly Proteins / genetics
  • Monomeric Clathrin Assembly Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • PC12 Cells
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Transport
  • RNA Interference
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Transfection
  • Transferrin / metabolism
  • Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 2 / genetics
  • Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 2 / metabolism*


  • Monomeric Clathrin Assembly Proteins
  • PICALM protein, human
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transferrin
  • VAMP2 protein, human
  • Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 2