Retrospective analysis was done to evaluate concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) using chemotherapeutic agents judged to be sensitive by histoculture drug response assay (HDRA) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We treated 21 NSCLC patients with CCRT using senstivie agents judged by HDRA from 1999 to 2004. Objective response was evaluated in 20 patients. They were consisted of 1 complete response (CR) case, 18 partial response (PR) cases, and 1 stable disease (SD) case. The response rate was 95%. Ten cancer related deaths were observed during 816 +/- 861 (60-2,780) days follow-up. Median survival time was 604 days. One- and 5-year survival rates were 73.9% and 40.3%, respectively. In conclusion, HDRA may improve efficacy of CCRT for NSCLC.