Simultaneous determination of bisphenol A, triclosan, and tetrabromobisphenol A in human serum using solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-electron capture negative-ionization mass spectrometry

Anal Bioanal Chem. 2008 Jun;391(4):1175-81. doi: 10.1007/s00216-007-1807-9. Epub 2008 Jan 11.


This study aimed at optimizing and validating a sensitive method for simultaneous determination of bisphenol A (BPA), triclosan (TCS), and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in human serum using solid-phase extraction (SPE) and gas chromatography coupled to electron-capture negative-ionization mass spectrometry (GC-ECNI/MS). Sample preparation involved denaturation of serum proteins with formic acid followed by SPE on an Oasis HLB cartridge. Fractionation was performed on Florisil from which the phenolic compounds were eluted with methanol-dichloromethane (DCM) (5:1, v/v). The phenolic fraction was further derivatized with pentafluoropropionic acid anhydride (30 min at 70 degrees C). Further liquid-liquid partitioning using hexane-DCM (4:1, v/v) and K(2)CO(3) 3% aqueous solution was used to eliminate excess reagent and acidic by-products formed during derivatization. The cleaned extract was injected into a GC-ECNI/MS system operated in selected ion monitoring mode. For thorough method validation, each step of the procedure was rigorously optimized. The method limits of quantitation for BPA, TCS, and TBBPA were 0.28 ng mL(-1), 0.09 ng mL(-1) and 0.05 ng mL(-1), respectively. Furthermore, the method was applied to 21 Belgian human serum samples. The median concentrations obtained for BPA (0.71 ng mL(-1)) and TCS (0.52 ng mL(-1)) in Belgian human serum samples were similar to previously reported data for human fluids. Slightly higher levels of TBBPA (0.08 ng mL(-1)) were found in Belgium samples compared to Norwegian serum.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Female
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / instrumentation*
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Structure
  • Phenols / blood*
  • Phenols / chemistry
  • Polybrominated Biphenyls / blood*
  • Polybrominated Biphenyls / chemistry
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Solid Phase Extraction / instrumentation
  • Solid Phase Extraction / methods*
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization / instrumentation
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization / methods*
  • Triclosan / blood*
  • Triclosan / chemistry


  • Benzhydryl Compounds
  • Phenols
  • Polybrominated Biphenyls
  • Triclosan
  • tetrabromobisphenol A
  • bisphenol A