Shunt revision: complications and their prevention

Pediatr Neurosurg. 1991;17(3):155-62. doi: 10.1159/000120587.


Long-term maintenance of neurologic function in shunt-dependent individuals requires vigilance and attention to detail. This review details the essential elements for the long-term surveillance of the shunted child and adult in terms of access to a responsive system. The causes of shunt failure and complications are enumerated. The technical aspects of assessing a shunt that may have failed are discussed as well as the details of performing a shunt revision for a variety of causes of failures.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arnold-Chiari Malformation / surgery
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / surgery*
  • Intracranial Pressure / physiology
  • Postoperative Complications / surgery*
  • Reoperation